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3D Printer Filament Guide

Printability:

Skill level required to print filament types.

Beginner

  • PLA

  • PETG

  • HIPS

Intermediate

  • ABS
  • Nylon

  • TPU

Expert
  • PC

  • PEEK

  • PEI

  • PEKK

Mechanical Properties:

Understanding the mechanical properties of each filament will help you select the best option for your project.

ABS

Density (g/cc): 1.05

Ultimate Tensile Strength (MPa): 44

Tensile Modulus (MPa): 1940

Tensile Elongation at Failure (%): 10.5

Flexural Strength (MPa): 75

Flexural Modulus (MPa): 1990

Max Service Temperature (°F): 221

PC

Density (g/cc): 1.21

Ultimate Tensile Strength (MPa): 62

Tensile Modulus (MPa): 2400

Tensile Elongation at Failure (%): 8

Flexural Strength (MPa): 78

Flexural Modulus (MPa): 2200

Max Service Temperature (°F): 300

PEEK

Density (g/cc): 1.31

Ultimate Tensile Strength (MPa): 101

Tensile Modulus (MPa): 3720

Tensile Elongation at Failure (%): 27

Flexural Strength (MPa): 131

Flexural Modulus (MPa): 2700

Max Service Temperature (°F): 290

PEI (1010)

Density (g/cc): 1.29

Ultimate Tensile Strength (MPa): 56

Tensile Modulus (MPa): 2500

Tensile Elongation at Failure (%): 2.9

Flexural Strength (MPa): 110

Flexural Modulus (MPa): 2505

Max Service Temperature (°F): 423

PEKK

Density (g/cc): 1.28

Ultimate Tensile Strength (MPa): 105

Tensile Modulus (MPa): 3205

Tensile Elongation at Failure (%): 9.5

Flexural Strength (MPa): 135

Flexural Modulus (MPa): 2889

Max Service Temperature (°F): 329

PETG

Density (g/cc): 1.25

Ultimate Tensile Strength (MPa): 46

Tensile Modulus (MPa): 1675

Tensile Elongation at Failure (%): 25

Flexural Strength (MPa): 70

Flexural Modulus (MPa): 1609

Max Service Temperature (°F): 176

PLA

Density (g/cc): 1.25

Ultimate Tensile Strength (MPa): 57

Tensile Modulus (MPa): 2900

Tensile Elongation at Failure (%): 8

Flexural Strength (MPa): 110

Flexural Modulus (MPa): 3200

Max Service Temperature (°F): 130

Nylon 6

Density (g/cc): 1.05

Ultimate Tensile Strength (MPa): 45

Tensile Modulus (MPa): 2100

Tensile Elongation at Failure (%): 8

Flexural Strength (MPa): 80

Flexural Modulus (MPa): 2200

Max Service Temperature (°F): 221

Drying Time and Temperature:

Most filament will absorb water from the air which can degrade their print quality. For this reason, I recommend drying all filament before use. It is especially vital with Nylon as it absorbs water the fastest. Use the drying instructions below to prepare filament for the first print. I recommend using a dehydrator like the Presto 06301 because of its drying capabilities. Often times, heat alone is not sufficient to dry filament. You can also throw desiccant packs in the dehydrator during filament drying to recharge them.

Method 1: Dehydrator 

(Recommended)

ABS

Max Drying Temp (°F): 140

Dry Time (Hours): 3

PC

Max Drying Temp (°F): 165

Dry Time (Hours): 6

PEEK

Max Drying Temp (°F): 165

Dry Time (Hours): 6

PEI (1010)

Max Drying Temp (°F): 165

Dry Time (Hours): 4

PEKK

Max Drying Temp (°F): 250

Dry Time (Hours): 4

PETG

Max Drying Temp (°F): 150

Dry Time (Hours): 3

PLA

Max Drying Temp (°F): 110

Dry Time (Hours): 3

PVA

Max Drying Temp (°F): 110

Dry Time (Hours): 8

Nylon

Max Drying Temp (°F): 165

Dry Time (Hours): 10

Method 2: Oven

ABS

Max Drying Temp (°F): 170

Dry Time (Hours): 2-4

PC

Max Drying Temp (°F): 250

Dry Time (Hours): 4

PEEK

Max Drying Temp (°F): 250

Dry Time (Hours): 4

PEI (1010)

Max Drying Temp (°F): 250

Dry Time (Hours): 4

PEKK

Max Drying Temp (°F): 250

Dry Time (Hours): 4

PETG

Max Drying Temp (°F): 150

Dry Time (Hours): 2-4

PLA

Max Drying Temp (°F): 150

Dry Time (Hours): 2-4

PVA

Max Drying Temp (°F): 150

Dry Time (Hours): 4

Nylon

Max Drying Temp (°F): 190

Dry Time (Hours): 4

Recommended Products:

2 comments

  • Hi Sherman,

    If you go to any of our filament product pages you will find exactly what you are referring to. We give a complete list of starting parameters you can use for each filament type.

    Thank you,

    3DMaker Engineering
  • how about making a page or a chart that has an average ( Filament) tip-temp bed- temp and whatever else you can fit in like run speed, nozzle size and so on It would be a great help for newbies trying to learn !!
    TKS for listening SHERM

    Sherman Cody

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